Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
101,652
5.33% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bob Menendez
Democratic Party
US Senator
Cory Booker
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
43.1
0.233% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
3.26%
2.53% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$157,281
4.47% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$662,100
4.76% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
48,986
5.27% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ had a population of 102k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $157,281. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ declined from 107,372 to 101,652, a −5.33% decrease and its median household income grew from $150,553 to $157,281, a 4.47% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are White (Non-Hispanic) (72.6%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (9.33%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.33%), Other (Hispanic) (3.56%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (3.41%).

23.1% of the households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93% of the residents in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are Union County College (1,590 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was $662,100, and the homeownership rate was 74.7%.

Most people in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 33.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ is home to a population of 102k people, from which 93% are citizens. As of 2022, 17.6% of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ residents were born outside of the country (17.9k people).

In 2022, there were 7.78 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (73.8k people) in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.48k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 4.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are Spanish (7,078 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (2,764 households), and Russian (1,363 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
52,878
Women
51.8%
49,279
Men
48.2%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 102,157 inhabitants, with 48.2% men, and 51.8% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

93%
2022 Citizenship
93.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93% of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was 93.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    73.8k ± 1.33k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    9.48k ± 883
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    4.4k ± 841
10.2%
Hispanic Population
10.4k people

In 2022, there were 7.78 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (73.8k people) in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.48k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 4.4k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

10.2% of the people in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are hispanic (10.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    1,928 ± 1,068 people
  2. China
    1,797 ± 1,032 people
  3. Philippines
    1,502 ± 944 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was India, the natal country of 1,928 Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ residents, followed by China with 1,797 and Philippines with 1,502.

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Foreign-Born Population

17.6%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
17.9k people
17.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
18.3k people

As of 2022, 17.6% of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ residents (17.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was 17.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    7,078 households (7.37%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    2,764 households (2.88%)
  3. Russian
    1,363 households (1.42%)

23.1% of the households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was Spanish. 7.37% of the households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    877 ± 199
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    529 ± 173
  3. Korea
    363 ± 121

Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ employs 49k people. The largest industries in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are Elementary & secondary schools (4,082 people), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments (2,212 people), and Construction (1,974 people), and the highest paying industries are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($431,581), Miscellaneous manufacturing, n.e.c. ($342,013), and Nondepository credit & related activities ($278,503).

Males in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ have an average income that is 1.59 times higher than the average income of females, which is $109,149. The income inequality in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ (measured using the Gini index) is 0.489, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
23,833
Women
46.8%
27,073
Men
53.2%

The workforce of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ in 2020 was 50,906 people, with 46.8% woman, and 53.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

49k
2022 Value
−5.27%
1 Year decline
± −5.27%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ declined at a rate of −5.27%, from 51.7k employees to 49k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ, are Other managers (2,509 people), Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (1,605 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,587 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Jersey (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

49k
2022 Value
−5.27%
1 Year decline
± −5.27%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ declined at a rate of −5.27%, from 51.7k employees to 49k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,082 people), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments (2,212 people), and Construction (1,974 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ, though some of these residents may live in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$103,833
Median earning men ± $4,989
$71,585
Median earning women ± $4,068

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($207,628), Wholesale Trade ($144,828), and Public Administration ($129,787).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($129,241), Wholesale Trade ($117,083), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($101,875).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Y-Axis
2.27%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.24M people employed in New Jersey. This represents a 2.27% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 16.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Jersey.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Jersey went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (41.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.696%).

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing the state of New Jersey. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Jersey

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
Bob Menendez
Senator from New Jersey1
Assumed office on January 17, 2006
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Jon Corzine, who was elected Governor of New Jersey.
Cory Booker
Senator from New Jersey2
Assumed office on October 31, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Jeffrey Chiesa, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Frank Lautenberg.

Bob Menendez and Cory Booker are the senators currently representing New Jersey.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Jersey over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Jersey

New Jersey is currently represented by 12 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Jersey have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ awarded 1,590 degrees. The student population of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,971 male students and 4,825 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are Hispanic or Latino (620 and 39.8%), followed by Black or African American (441 and 28.3%), White (282 and 18.1%), and Unknown (94 and 6.04%).

The largest universities in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ by number of degrees awarded are Union County College (1,590 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (460 and 28.9%), Registered Nursing (288 and 18.1%), and General Business (154 and 9.69%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 7,796 students enrolled in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ, 38.1% men and 61.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 3,504 records, of which 62.2% were women and 37.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 458 degrees awarded
  2. 288 degrees awarded
  3. 154 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 458 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,590 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union County College with 1,590 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 551 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ, which is 0.53 times less than the 1,039 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 620 degrees mean that there were 1.41 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 441 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($10,562) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,440) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.58% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.478% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (26.8k), Graduate Degree (21.7k), and High School or Equivalent (12.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was $662,100 in 2022, which is 2.35 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $632,000 to $662,100, a 4.76% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ is 74.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ have an average commute time of 33.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ is $157,281. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was Bergen County (Central)--Ridgewood Village, Glen Rock & Westwood PUMA, NJ with a value of $183,624, followed by Somerset County (North & West) PUMA, NJ and Essex County (Southwest)--West Orange & Livingston PUMA, NJ, with respective values of $170,196 and $163,601.

Property

$662,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,979
$28,214
Median Property Taxes
±$918

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.7%
Homeownership
2022
57.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.7% of the housing units in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was Bergen County (Central)--Ridgewood Village, Glen Rock & Westwood PUMA, NJ with a value of $183,624, followed by Somerset County (North & West) PUMA, NJ and Essex County (Southwest)--West Orange & Livingston PUMA, NJ, with respective values of $170,196 and $163,601.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$157,281
Median Household Income
± $9,293
37.8k
Number of Households
± 1,431

In 2022, the median household income of the 37.8k households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ grew to $157,281 from the previous year's value of $150,553.

The following chart displays the households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.489
2022 Wage GINI in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ
0.491
2021 Wage GINI in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ

In 2022, the income inequality in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was 0.489 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.51% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (59%)
  2. Worked At Home (19.9%)
  3. Public Transit (11.7%)

In 2022, 59% of workers in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (19.9%) and those who used public transit to get to work (11.7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

33.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ have a longer commute time (33.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.63% of the workforce in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

3.26% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ (3.28k out of 101k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.7% of the population of Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ has health coverage, with 69.5% on employee plans, 3.87% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 9.52% on non-group plans, and 0.394% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see 1171 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.679% decrease from the previous year (1179 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 383 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Jersey.
1,171 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Jersey

Primary care physicians in New Jersey see an average of 1,171 patients per year. This represents a 0.679% decrease from the previous year (1,179 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Jersey in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.3% under 18 years, 14.4% between 18 and 34 years, 43.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.25%
Uninsured
69.5%
Employer Coverage
3.87%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
9.52%
Non-Group
0.394%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ grew by 4.67% from 3.11% to 3.25%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County (Northwest)--Summit & Cranford PUMA, NJ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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