Ottumwa, IA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
35,292
0.144% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
39.4
0.51% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
17.4%
14.5% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$56,209
9.74% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$105,800
18.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
16,468
0.932% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Ottumwa, IA had a population of 35.3k people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $56,209. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Ottumwa, IA declined from 35,343 to 35,292, a −0.144% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,222 to $56,209, a 9.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (79.4%), White (Hispanic) (6.32%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.13%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.99%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.79%).

None of the households in Ottumwa, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.1% of the residents in Ottumwa, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA are Indian Hills Community College (735 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $105,800, and the homeownership rate was 66.3%.

Most people in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Ottumwa, IA was 2 cars per household.

Ottumwa, IA borders Fairfield, IA, Kirksville, MO, and Oskaloosa, IA.

Population & Diversity

Ottumwa, IA is home to a population of 35.3k people, from which 95.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 8.03% of Ottumwa, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.83k people).

In 2022, there were 12.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (28k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.23k White (Hispanic) and 1.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.1%
2022 Citizenship
96%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.1% of Ottumwa, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 96%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ottumwa, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    28k ± 79
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.23k ± 401
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.1k ± 261
11.5%
Hispanic Population
4.07k people

In 2022, there were 12.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (28k people) in Ottumwa, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.23k White (Hispanic) and 1.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.5% of the people in Ottumwa, IA are hispanic (4.07k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Ottumwa, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    42,604 ± 5,034 people
  2. India
    12,351 ± 2,723 people
  3. Vietnam
    7,795 ± 2,165 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 42,604 Iowa residents, followed by India with 12,351 and Vietnam with 7,795.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.03%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.83k people
7.37%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
2.61k people

As of 2022, 8.03% of Ottumwa, IA residents (2.83k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ottumwa, IA was 7.37%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ottumwa, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    577 ± 129
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    352 ± 156
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    209 ± 112

Ottumwa, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.64 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Ottumwa, IA employs 16.5k people. The largest industries in Ottumwa, IA are Manufacturing (4,104 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,399 people), and Retail Trade (2,274 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($89,167), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,976), and Public Administration ($52,386).

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,745. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.5k
2022 Value
± 871
0.932%
1 Year growth
± 7.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 0.932%, from 16.3k employees to 16.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ottumwa, IA, are Production Occupations (2,404 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,684 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,482 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ottumwa, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.5k
2022 Value
± 871
0.932%
1 Year growth
± 7.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Ottumwa, IA grew at a rate of 0.932%, from 16.3k employees to 16.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ottumwa, IA, are Manufacturing (4,104 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,399 people), and Retail Trade (2,274 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ottumwa, IA, though some of these residents may live in Ottumwa, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,054
Median earning men ± $1,612
$34,942
Median earning women ± $2,274

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($62,045), Manufacturing ($54,504), and Construction ($51,654).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($49,936), Construction ($47,188), and Wholesale Trade ($46,146).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Y-Axis
1.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.57M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 1.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 353
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 258
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 193
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Iowa went to Donald J. Trump with 52.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (44.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.16%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Ottumwa, IA awarded 735 degrees. The student population of Ottumwa, IA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,566 male students and 1,795 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ottumwa, IA are White (561 and 78.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (51 and 7.17%), Black or African American (41 and 5.77%), and Two or More Races (25 and 3.52%).

The largest universities in Ottumwa, IA by number of degrees awarded are Indian Hills Community College (735 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Ottumwa, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (236 and 32.1%), Welding Technology (60 and 8.16%), and Registered Nursing (34 and 4.63%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 3,361 students enrolled in Ottumwa, IA, 46.6% men and 53.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,614 records, of which 54.9% were women and 45.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 236 degrees awarded
  2. 26 degrees awarded
  3. 23 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Ottumwa, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 236 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Ottumwa, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
735 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Indian Hills Community College with 735 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 319 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ottumwa, IA, which is 0.767 times less than the 416 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 561 degrees mean that there were 11 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 51 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($4,680) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,512) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2022, 0.66% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.685% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (751k), Some college (564k), and Bachelors Degree (469k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ottumwa, IA was $105,800 in 2022, which is 0.375 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $89,600 to $105,800, a 18.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Ottumwa, IA is 66.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Ottumwa, IA have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Ottumwa, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Ottumwa, IA is $56,209. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Ottumwa, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $99,533, followed by Warren County, IA and Madison County, IA, with respective values of $89,741 and $88,110.

Property

$105,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$7,964
$9,413
Median Property Taxes
±$576

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ottumwa, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Ottumwa, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

66.3%
Homeownership
2022
60.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 66.3% of the housing units in Ottumwa, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Ottumwa, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ottumwa, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $99,533, followed by Warren County, IA and Madison County, IA, with respective values of $89,741 and $88,110.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ottumwa, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,209
Median Household Income
± $2,477
14.2k
Number of Households
± 792

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.2k households in Ottumwa, IA grew to $56,209 from the previous year's value of $51,222.

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Ottumwa, IA is from Iowa.
0.442
2022 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2022, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.723% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.3%)
  2. Carpooled (11.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.22%)

In 2022, 80.3% of workers in Ottumwa, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.6%) and those who worked at home (4.22%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ottumwa, IA have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.08% of the workforce in Ottumwa, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ottumwa, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ottumwa, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ottumwa, IA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ottumwa, IA (6k out of 34.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Males 35 - 44 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ottumwa, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.2% of the population of Ottumwa, IA has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 22.1% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.41% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Iowa see 1347 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (1357 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1436 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 569 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
1,347 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Iowa

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,347 patients per year. This represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (1,357 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.1% under 18 years, 19.8% between 18 and 34 years, 37.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.8%
Uninsured
43.7%
Employer Coverage
22.1%
Medicaid
13.3%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
1.41%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ottumwa, IA grew by 4.96% from 6.48% to 6.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ottumwa, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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