Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
106,272
0.506% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
39.2
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
14.9%
4.04% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$64,652
8.02% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$241,500
16.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
46,485
0.621% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL had a population of 106k people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $64,652. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL declined from 106,812 to 106,272, a −0.506% decrease and its median household income grew from $59,854 to $64,652, a 8.02% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (67.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.85%), Other (Hispanic) (2.95%), and White (Hispanic) (2.04%).

7.85% of the households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.8% of the residents in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are Alabama A & M University (769 degrees awarded in 2022), J. F. Drake State Community and Technical College (167 degrees), and Huntsville Bible College (29 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was $241,500, and the homeownership rate was 59.2%.

Most people in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: US Space & Rocket Center, Huntsville, AL

Population & Diversity

Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL is home to a population of 106k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.95% of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (6.32k people).

In 2022, there were 3.46 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (71.7k people) in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are Spanish (4,984 households), German (738 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (305 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
55,622
Women
51.4%
52,574
Men
48.6%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 108,196 inhabitants, with 48.6% men, and 51.4% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

96.8%
2022 Citizenship
96.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.8% of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    71.7k ± 1.77k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    20.7k ± 1.77k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.1k ± 723
7.06%
Hispanic Population
7.51k people

In 2022, there were 3.46 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (71.7k people) in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.06% of the people in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are hispanic (7.51k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,092 ± 1,112 people
  2. India
    314 ± 434 people
  3. Germany
    301 ± 425 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 2,092 Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL residents, followed by India with 314 and Germany with 301.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.95%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.32k people
6.17%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.59k people

As of 2022, 5.95% of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL residents (6.32k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was 6.17%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    4,984 households (4.97%)
  2. German
    738 households (0.737%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    305 households (0.304%)

7.85% of the households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was Spanish. 4.97% of the households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,307 ± 266
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,073 ± 369
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,302 ± 268

Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL employs 46.5k people. The largest industries in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are Restaurants & Food Services (3,545 people), Architectural, engineering & related services (3,106 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,072 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($174,119), Real estate property managers, offices of real estate appraisers, and other activities related to real estate ($165,002), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($158,015).

Males in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.5 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,444. The income inequality in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.495, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
20,714
Women
46.8%
23,589
Men
53.2%

The workforce of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL in 2020 was 44,303 people, with 46.8% woman, and 53.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL.

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Occupations

46.5k
2022 Value
0.621%
1 Year growth
± 0.621%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.621%, from 46.2k employees to 46.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, are Other managers (1,414 people), Software developers (1,250 people), and Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers (1,181 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

46.5k
2022 Value
0.621%
1 Year growth
± 0.621%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.621%, from 46.2k employees to 46.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,545 people), Architectural, engineering & related services (3,106 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,072 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$57,922
Median earning men ± $3,689
$33,361
Median earning women ± $2,261

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($120,279), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($91,659), and Manufacturing ($71,589).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($85,234), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,125), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,625).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL awarded 965 degrees. The student population of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,793 male students and 4,282 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are Black or African American (754 and 80%), followed by Unknown (102 and 10.8%), White (52 and 5.51%), and Hispanic or Latino (12 and 1.27%).

The largest universities in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Alabama A & M University (769 and 79.7%), J. F. Drake State Community and Technical College (167 and 17.3%), and Huntsville Bible College (29 and 3.01%).

The most popular majors in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are General Biological Sciences (94 and 9.74%), Social Work (86 and 8.91%), and General Business Administration & Management (79 and 8.19%).

The median tuition costs in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL are $4,440 for private four year colleges, and $8,610 and $17,220 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 68.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 7,075 (39.5% men and 60.5% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 7,075 students enrolled in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, 39.5% men and 60.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 5,809 records, of which 61.8% were women and 38.2% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was General Computer & Information Sciences with 41 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 769 degrees awarded
  2. 167 degrees awarded
  3. 29 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alabama A & M University with 769 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 344 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL, which is 0.554 times less than the 621 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 754 degrees mean that there were 7.39 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 102 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($8,610) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,414) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.846% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.313% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (22.9k), Some college (21.3k), and High School or Equivalent (16.5k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was $241,500 in 2022, which is 0.857 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $208,000 to $241,500, a 16.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL is 59.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL is $64,652. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

Property

$241,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,200
$27,623
Median Property Taxes
±$1,126

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.2%
Homeownership
2022
65.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.2% of the housing units in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$64,652
Median Household Income
± $3,128
46.6k
Number of Households
± 1,760

In 2022, the median household income of the 46.6k households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL grew to $64,652 from the previous year's value of $59,854.

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.495
2022 Wage GINI in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL
0.493
2021 Wage GINI in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL

In 2022, the income inequality in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was 0.495 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.47% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.5%)
  2. Worked At Home (12.1%)
  3. Carpooled (6.47%)

In 2022, 78.5% of workers in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12.1%) and those who carpooled to work (6.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.653% of the workforce in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL (14.9k out of 99.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.2% of the population of Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 13.5% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 15.6% on non-group plans, and 2.03% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.6% under 18 years, 23.2% between 18 and 34 years, 36.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.79%
Uninsured
46.3%
Employer Coverage
13.5%
Medicaid
12.7%
Medicare
15.6%
Non-Group
2.03%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL declined by 4.83% from 10.3% to 9.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Huntsville City (Central & South) PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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